Richard McKeon’s Aspects of Knowing, Part 2

The duals in Richard McKeon’s system of Philosophical Semantics can also be arranged in a three-dimensional tetrahedron, where the dual pairs are on opposing edges. The universal and particular methods, the phenomenal and ontic interpretations, and the meroscopic and holoscopic principles are shown above.

Universal methods, between knower and knowledge, are applicable to all problems and all subject matters. Particular methods, between the knowable and the known, require distinct methodological procedures for different problems or subject matters.

Holoscopic principles, looking at or seeing the whole, provide a coincidence of knowledge and known. Meroscopic principles, looking at or seeing the parts, separate the knower and the knowable from each other and from influence between each other.

Ontic interpretations, between the knowable and knowledge, derive their character from a reality assumed to transcend or to underlie phenomena and statements. Phenomenal interpretations, between knower and the known, may reduce reality and values to aspects or consequences of phenomena.

Alternatively, the four vertices of  knower, knowledge, known, and knowable can be labeled by their method, principle, and interpretation as shown below.





4 Responses to “Richard McKeon’s Aspects of Knowing, Part 2”

  1. Plato’s Divided Line « Equivalent Exchange Says:

    […] Episteme, the intelligible. Doxa should indeed be horizontal, corresponding to the phenomenal of Richard McKeon’s Aspects of Knowing, and the subjective or content of other double duals. I believe Eikasia should come before Pistis, […]

  2. The Archic Philosophers | Equivalent eXchange Says:

    […] Richard McKeon believed that philosophy as a whole was encompassed by four main philosophical stances, exemplified by four ancient philosophers: the Sophists (as a group), Democritus, Plato, and Aristotle. Their four systems of thought laid out principal philosophical directions, much like the compass directions east, south, north, and west lay out a complete set of primary directions. […]

  3. Things, Thoughts, Words, and Actions | Equivalent eXchange Says:

    […] Here are some additional fourfolds from philosopher Richard McKeon. […]

  4. The Marriage of Opposites, Part 2 | Equivalent eXchange Says:

    […] me realize that I had written about six-fold things several times before. The first time was about Richard McKeon’s Aspects of Knowing, the second was about Vaughn Pratt’s Duality of Information and Time, and now we have Edward de […]

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